Vis town history
Vis is one of the oldest urban centers in Croatia. The ancient Issa (Vis), was founded by the Greeks of Syracuse, led by Dionysius in the 4th century BC and served as base port for Greek colonization of Adriatic sea. In the Hellenistic age Vis had been so powerful that established their own colonies on the location of today cities of Trogir, Stobrec and Lumbarda on the island of Korcula.
Ancient Vis history
Extensive archaeological remains testify how on Vis have been developed the finest examples of ancient art. Now days those valuable Greek and Roman artifacts, especially ceramics and amphorae (used to store wine) and the beautiful sculpture of bronze head of Artemis, are exposed in the Archaeological collection of the Museum of Vis, which lies within the old Austrian fort of Batarija. After Greek domination, in 3rd century BC, Vis island was conquered by the Romans, then there were many civilizations governing the island: the Byzantines, the Carolingian Empire, the Venetians, the Republic of Raguzza (Dubrovnik) and finally the Ottoman Empire.
Vis recent history
Vis always has been a strategic island because of its location and geography. After the First World War Vis was occupied by Italy, and already in 1921 the Kingdom of Yugoslavia seized power on the island, despite the resignation of another large island in Adriatic sea, Lastovo. Finally, in 1989 after the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Croatia joined Vis to its territory. During the Second World War Josip Broz Tito, partisan's leader, was hidden in one of the most famous caves of this place, La Cueva de Tito, that served as his headquarters during a major part of 1944.
Cultural heritage of Vis island
The Vis city has a rich cultural heritage. There are many many summer houses, forts and palaces built by rich men from Hvar town and other parts of Dalmatia. Examples of larger summer houses are typical for Kut district of Vis town, located in the southeastern part of the harbor and the Vis bay.